IMWheel is a tool for tweaking mouse wheel behavior, on a per-program basis. It can map mousewheel input to keyboard input, increase mousewheel speed, and has support for modifier keys.
Install the package.
IMWheel matches window class strings with regular expressions for deciding which windows to apply tweaks to.
Getting the window class string
Run xprop to get the class string. The program will exit when a window is clicked.
$ xprop WM_CLASS | grep -o '"[^"]*"' | head -n 1
So for the document viewer zathura, this will return the following:
Note that for some applications, the above method is unreliable (e.g. Java) and will return the wrong identifier for the window. In that case, you can run the following:
$ imwheel -d --debug --kill
This will run IMWheel in the foreground in debug mode so you can see what Window IDs it's receiving when you scroll. This is also useful for debugging the regex matchers in your config file.
Edit your configuration file
Create or edit
~/.imwheelrc. In this configuration file lines can be added for each program you want to tweak mousewheel behavior for. The following example will increase the mousewheel speed for the document viewer zathura:
# Speed up scrolling for the document viewer "^zathura$" None, Up, Button4, 4 None, Down, Button5, 4
Down may be used in the place of
Button5 respectively for the mousewheel.
Matching all programs (using ".*") can cause unwanted behaviour in some programs; since IMWheel emulates multiple scroll actions for each one the user makes, programs that have actions bound to the mousewheel will perform those actions more times than expected.
For example, terminal emulators in which scrolling selects commands from the history will jump multiple items per scroll.
IMWheel catches modifier keys for monitored mouse buttons, for passing them further you need to explicitly configure it to do so. In example below
Left Control used with mousewheel is passed to chromium for zoom function without multiplying:
# Speed up scrolling for chromium and pass unchanged for zoom "^chromium$" None, Up, Button4, 4 None, Down, Button5, 4 Shift_L, Up, Shift_L|Button4, 4 Shift_L, Down, Shift_L|Button5, 4 Control_L, Up, Control_L|Button4 Control_L, Down, Control_L|Button5
Run IMWheel simply like so:
The program will print its PID and run in the background.
Run IMWheel on startup using a service
To avoid starting IMWheel manually, you can run it as part of your systemd startup.
[Unit] Description=IMWheel Wants=display-manager.service After=display-manager.service [Service] Type=simple Environment=XAUTHORITY=%h/.Xauthority ExecStart=/usr/bin/imwheel -d ExecStop=/usr/bin/pkill imwheel RemainAfterExit=yes [Install] WantedBy=graphical-session.target
After installing the above:
$ systemctl --user daemon-reload $ systemctl --user enable --now imwheel.service $ journalctl --user --unit imwheel.service
Run IMWheel on startup using a shell script
Alternatively, you can create a startup.sh script in /etc/profile.d
And then, on restart, it will automatically read and run the file. Always test your script manually before putting it in /etc/profile.d
You may need to restrict IMWheel so only the scroll wheel is affected to prevent it from breaking other mouse input like the back/forward buttons. You can do this with the -b option.
$ imwheel -b 45