NTFS

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From Wikipedia:

NTFS (New Technology File System) is a proprietary journaling file system developed by Microsoft. Starting with Windows NT 3.1, it is the default file system of the Windows NT family.

The ntfs3 kernel driver provides read and write support for the file system.

Note:
  • All officially supported kernels with versions 5.15 or newer are built with CONFIG_NTFS3_FS=m and thus support it. Before 5.15, NTFS read and write support is provided by the NTFS-3G FUSE file system. Or you can use backported NTFS3 via ntfs3-dkmsAUR.
  • Paragon Software, the author of the kernel module, has not yet released userspace utilities for NTFS3.

Tips and tricks

Improving performance

You can enable some mount(8) options to improve the performance:

  • noatime – can speed up the file system operations.
  • prealloc – decreases fragmentation in case of parallel write operations (most useful for HDD).

Known issues

Explicit file system type required to mount

ntfs3 requires the file system type to mount.

To be able to mount the file system, specify its type as ntfs3. For example, using mount(8)'s -t/--types option:

# mount -t ntfs3 /dev/sdxY /mnt

Troubleshooting

unknown filesystem type 'ntfs'

When mounting NTFS, you can encounter an error such as:

mount: /mnt: unknown filesystem type 'ntfs'

See #Explicit file system type required to mount.

If you want to use ntfs3 as the default driver for ntfs partitions, such udev rule does the trick:

/etc/udev/rules.d/ntfs3_by_default.rules
SUBSYSTEM=="block", ENV{ID_FS_TYPE}=="ntfs", ENV{ID_FS_TYPE}="ntfs3"

Although, this method is not recommended and can confuse some 3rd party tools.

udisks support

udisks supports NTFS3, but has some issues at the moment. See udisks ntfs3 PR and issue 932.

Issues can manifest as the following errors, when the NTFS3 driver is used because NTFS-3G is not installed, but with mount options that it does not recognize:

ntfs3: Unknown parameter 'windows_names'

or

Filesystem type ntfs3,ntfs not configured in kernel

The second error in particular can be encountered with Dolphin.

As a workaround, add a such option to /etc/udisks2/mount_options.conf in [defaults] section:

ntfs_defaults=uid=$UID,gid=$GID,noatime,prealloc

See: Cannot mount NTFS with the new ntfs3 module from Linux 5.15

Unable to mount with ntfs3 with partition marked dirty

When trying to mount a good NTFS partition (i.e. which successfully mounts with NTFS-3G and for which ntfsfix --no-action does not report any error), you may get the following error:

mount: /mnt: wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on /dev/sdb1, missing codepage or helper program, or other error.
       dmesg(1) may have more information after failed mount system call.

ntfs3 will not mount a partition where the volume is marked dirty without the force option. dmesg explicitly helps recognizing the situation, saying:

sdb1: volume is dirty and "force" flag is not set!

You can try passing the --clear-dirty argument to ntfsfix to clean it. [1]

See also