This article contains scanner or manufacturer-specific instructions for SANE.
Snape40.bin from here is required.
If USB autosuspend is enabled, the printer may need to be turned off and on again before each scan.
If you own an USB scanner from Acer (now BenQ), you need to download a suitable firmware binary and configure
- Find out which model you own and take note of the USB ID:
Bus 002 Device 010: ID 04a5:20b0 Acer Peripherals Inc. (now BenQ Corp.) S2W 3300U/4300U
- Go to snapscan main page and see whether your scanner is supported and which firmware you need (e.g,
- Search the firmware image on the Internet and download it to
- Edit the head of
/etc/sane.d/snapscan.confand configure the following two lines:
firmware /usr/share/sane/snapscan/u176v046.bin /dev/usb/scanner0 bus=usb
In order to install a Brother scanner or printer/scanner combo you need the right driver. To find the right one, see the FAQ for your model at the Brother Support, i.e. Home > Country > Your model > FAQs & Troubleshooting > Linux > Scanner / Scan Key Tool > Scan using XSane or GIMP. You can also search the web. Or see the information below for more scanners. Or extract each of the AUR packages below. Each package seems to contain an exhaustive list of the models it is suitable to.
Then, install the appropriate package:
- AUR (MFC-J5620DW)
Now, the scanner should be recognized by SANE.
For network scanners, Brother provides a different configuration tool for each brscan version (e.g., brsaneconfig2 for brscan2 compatible devices):
# brsaneconfig2 -a name=<ScannerName> model=<ScannerModel> ip=<ScannerIP>
# brsaneconfig2 -a name=SCANNER_DCP770CW model=DCP-770CW ip=192.168.0.110
To get the IP and node name of your scanner, you can use Nmap:
$ nmap -sP 10.0.0.0/24
It's also possible to add a scanner via its node name instead of its IP, for example:
# brsaneconfig4 -a name=Brother_DCP-L3550CDW model=DCP-L3550CDW nodename=BRWC0B5D72A0B87
In case of network scanning, e.g. by WiFi, Sane may still be unable to find the scanner. If so, you need to specify the IP address of the scanner in the
scanimage --list-devices to check whether sane is able to find your scanner. If not, further check that Sane expects this device through the network (see [dead link 2023-05-06 ⓘ]). Check that
brotherX, where the
X stands for the brscan version from above. If nothing was found, add
brotherX to the end of the file.
If all the necessary packages are installed but you still get the "invalid argument" error this could mean that the configuration file has been corrupted. Run the following command (in case of brscan4):
# brsaneconfig4 -d
The output should narrow down the problem. Most likely the connection is not set up correctly. In case of a network scanner, check if the IP address is right by opening
/etc/opt/brother/scanner/brscan4/brsanenetdevice4.cfg with an editor. In case of a USB connection, check if the path to the scanner in the configuration file is set up correctly. For that, compare the values of the
lsusb command with your configuration file and change them if necessary. You might also try to follow the
brotherX suggestion from Network Scanning above even for non-network scanners.
Brother has released a tool to enable scanning to be triggered by user interaction with the scanner itself (e.g., by selecting one of "Scan to email", "Scan to image", etc. on the scanner's keypad) rather than by an attached computer. This can be set up by installing the
brscan-skey.service using systemd. Note that by default this service runs as the brscan-skey user which is created by the package, whose home directory is located at
Brother supplies some default scripts that are executed when a scan type is selected on the keypad. These may require the installation of some optional dependencies of the
$HOME the home directory of the user running this tool (so
/srv/brscan-skey if started via systemd as a systemwide process).
It is possible to change what action takes place when a given type of scan is selected on the keypad. This is done by editing
/opt/brother/scanner/brscan-skey/brscan-skey-0.2.4-0.cfg. For each variable
FILE, the command
$ $SCAN_COMMAND $SCANNER_DEVICE $SCANNER_FRIENDLY_NAME
is executed when the corresponding scan type is selected. Note that
$SCAN_COMMAND is not quoted so may specify more than one positional parameter in the final command that is executed.
$SCANNER_DEVICE refers to the name of the device that should be specified to a sane frontend (e.g. via the
--device-name flag when using
scanimage), for example
$SCANNER_FRIENDLY_NAME is the human-readable name of the scanner.
If xsane crashes with message "
=bugchk_free(ptr==(nil))@brother_modelinf.c(482)", then you need to create the link
/usr/local/Brother -> /usr/share/brother.
Scanning over the network with Canon PIXMA or imageCLASS all-in-one printer/scanners
Find out your printer/scanner's IP address, and add it on a new line to
/etc/sane.d/pixma.conf in the format
bjnp://10.0.0.20. For imageCLASS printers you may need to use the format
Sane should now find your device. For more details refer to.
Alternatively,AUR can be used for some Canon PIXMA all-in-one printer/scanners which are not detected over the network.
See SANE/Scanner-specific problems for additional information.
Image Scan v3
If you have to use Image Scan v3-backend you can install
/etc/utsushi/utsushi.conf and add the following lines.
[devices] dev1.udi = esci:usb:<vendor id>:<product id> dev1.name = foo dev1.model = <Model Name of the scanner>
If you want to make use of a network scanner you also have to install
/etc/utsushi/utsushi.conf and enter the ip address of your scanner to it.
[devices] myscanner.udi = esci:networkscan://<ip-address-here>:1865 myscanner.vendor = Epson myscanner.model = Model-name
When you then start Image Scan v3 by typing in the command
the name of the scanner should be visible in the top left corner. If a connection problem happened, an error dialog will be shown.
Image Scan! for Linux
- Install the AUR package.
- Install the appropriate iscan-plugin package for your scanner (for example, AUR for the Epson Perfection Photo V600)
udevadm control --reloadso that udev will recognize the device as a scanner and apply appropriate permissions.
For network (including Wi-Fi) scanners, install iscan and
/etc/sane.d/epkowa.conf and add a line of the following format:
net <IP-address|hostname> [port-number]
Upstream version of iscan did not support 16bpc color depth scanning. Choosing any bit depth other than 8 made iscan stop without warning, leaving the scanner stuck until restarted. To enable 16bpc scanning, iscan used to required to be patched. It could be that an old patch, found in this forum thread, will enable 16bpc depth mode.
Usually this device works with the epsonds-backend. However, there may be an error "Error during device I / O" when scanning multiple pages. If this error occurs, the Image Scan v3 backend can be used and
/etc/utsushi/utsushi.conf after installing AUR as described above.
Epson Perfection V39
This device (vendor id: 0x04b8, device id: 0x013d) is known to be supported by SANE's epkowa backend. To use this backend, install AUR, AUR and AUR.
The latter package provides the firmware
/usr/share/iscan/esfw010c.bin which is required to make the scanner work.
In case of a successful device setup, running
scanimage -L results in:
- the scanner waking up and performing some movements,
- a constantly shining blue led at the device's front, and
- output similar to
device `epkowa:interpreter:001:007' is a Epson Perfection V39 flatbed scanner.
In some cases, the above fails due to improper firmware, provided byAUR.
- the blue device led blinks endlessly,
scanimage -d device_namefails with
scanimage: sane_start: Invalid argument.
As stated in this forum thread, using the firmware
esfw010c.bin provided by AUR can solve the problem. There seem to exist different incompatible versions of the same firmware.
Epson Perfection V550 Photo
Epson Perfection 1270
For Epson Perfection 1270, you also need a firmware named
esfw3e.bin. It can be obtained by installing the Windows driver.
Modify the configuration file of the snapscan backend,
/etc/sane.d/snapscan.conf. Change the firmware path line with yours:
# Change to the fully qualified filename of your firmware file, if # firmware upload is needed by the scanner firmware /mnt/mydata/Backups/firmware/esfw3e.bin
And add the following line in the end or anywhere you like
# Epson Perfection 1270 usb 0x04b8 0x0120
You can get such code information (
usb 0x04b8 0x0120) by sane-find-scanner command.
Also add such information lines to
/etc/hotplug/usb/libsane.usermap to setup your privilege, like:
# Epson Perfection 1270 libusbscanner 0x0003 0x04b8 0x0120 0x0000 0x0000 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x00000000
Replug scanner, you have a working Epson Perfection 1270 now.
scanimage: sane_start: Error during device I/O, if anyone knows any other reasons, please add them to this section.
- To prevent
scanimage: sane_start: Error during device I/Oand hangup of the scanner itself, when trying to scan with ADF (automatic document feed) enabled, I had to remove or comment out all Backends from
/etc/sane.d/dll.confand instead just add this to the file:
If you still get the
Error during device I/O messages check that the transportation lock of the scanner (on the bottom of the scanner) is open.
Epson Perfection 1670/2480/2580/3490/3590
Make sure to download the correct firmware for your Epson model. You can get an overview of some models and their drivers here and here. The download links of the firmware are broken, but you can use this link as alternative instead. Make sure to change the firmware filename of the link suiting your model. If you want to download and extract the firmware sources from the official epson sites yourself you can use this guide.
As an alternative you can also install the AUR package
Modify the configuration file of the snapscan backend,
/etc/sane.d/snapscan.conf. Change the firmware path line with yours:
# Change to the fully qualified filename of your firmware file, if # firmware upload is needed by the scanner firmware /usr/share/sane/snapscan/esfw52.bin
Other modifications were not needed for the Epson Perfection 3590 and might not be for other models as well. If you still have problems it can also help if you completely remove the AUR package.
EPSON WorkForce printer/scanners over the network
Edit the configuration file
/etc/utsushi/utsushi.conf. Find the
[devices] section and edit the template for
dev2. Replace the IP address accordingly. You can find the IP address on your printer screen. For example,
... dev2.udi = esci:networkscan://192.168.1.123:1865 dev2.model = WF-2860 dev2.vendor = EPSON ...
Meanwhile, comment out
/etc/sane.d/dll.conf as it conflicts with ImageScan.
Once this is done you can use any SANE frontend to access this scanner.
Fujitsu fi series
For some of the Fujitsu fi series document scanners, theAUR proprietary driver offers advanced functionality over the already mature SANE default driver, such as control of an optional imprinter for stamping scanned documents or requesting accurate status of the consumables from the host.
For the operation of the ScanSnap scanners a firmware file is required, which can be downloaded from here or extracted from the Windows driver. Get the files that you need and put them in the
/usr/share/sane/epjitsu directory, which should be created if it does not exist. For instance, you should end up with a file called
/usr/share/sane/epjitsu/1100_0B00.nal. These files should be owned by the root user.
To make sure that you have the right file in the right place, take note of the device ID:
# sane-find-scanner found possible USB scanner (vendor=0x04c5 [FUJITSU], product=0x1200 [ScanSnap S1100]) at libusb:003:011
There should be a corresponding entry in
/etc/sane.d/epjitsu.conf, such as
usb 0x04c5 0x1200, which in turn should reference the path of the firmware file that you just added.
For the S300/S300M scanners, the
300_0C00.nal files are interchangeable; the S300 device can use the
300M_0C00.nal file and the S300M device can use the
300_0C00.nal file. The file can be renamed to fit the entry in
/etc/sane.d/epjitsu.conf, or that entry can be edited to match the file name.
Commands to fetch and install the firmware:
# git clone https://github.com/stevleibelt/scansnap-firmware.git # mkdir -p /usr/share/sane/epjitsu # cp scansnap-firmware/*.nal /usr/share/sane/epjitsu
It comes with several tools:
- hp-setup to add and setup the device
- hp-check to check the installation of all required dependencies to successfully run (a very helpful tool)
- hp-plugin is the 'HPLIP Plugin Download and Install Utility' (plugin also available from AUR).
- hp-scan is the 'HPLIP Scan Utility'. If you need that tool, you will need to install .
hp-setup runs in GUI mode by default, which requires
If the device is connected by USB, run hp-setup as root and follow the on-screen instructions.
If your device is connected on the network, use
hp-setup printer_ip instead.
Alternative way to scan with network HP scanner
- Find out IP address of your network HP scanner, for example 192.168.1.8
- Make device URI using hp-makeuri utility:
$ hp-makeuri 192.168.1.8
- This URI could be given to xsane or scanimage tools, for example:
$ xsane "hpaio:/net/DeskJet_3630_series?ip=192.168.1.8" $ scanimage --device "hpaio:/net/DeskJet_3630_series?ip=10.12.129.6" --format=png --resolution 300 >scan01.png
For Lexmark devices printing issues, please read CUPS/Printer-specific problems#Lexmark.
Most Lexmark scanners are still (2019) not supported by SANE, and thus cannot be detected either by
sane-find-scanner or by
scanimage -L. Lexmark provides a non-free driver for GNU/Linux, which is supposed to support all its scanners. Nevertheless, the driver is only distributed for Debian, OpenSUSE, Fedora and Red Hat, but not for Arch. Here is a way to install it.
Before following these steps, note that :
- This driver is non-free (copyrighted by Lexmark)
- This hasn’t been widely tested yet (but the driver is supposed to work for all Lexmark scanners)
- The tree does not respect Arch standards — namely, all will be installed in
/usr/local; you’ll get a
/usr/lexmark/symbolic link; and get symbolic links to the files installed in
- This process might generate conflicts if you’ve already installed some Lexmark drivers.
- Ensure Java is installed.
- Download the
.debfile[dead link 2021-11-19 ⓘ] containing the driver and save it (eg at
Option 1 : using DPKG
# dpkg -i lexmark.deb
Your scanner should be detected after reboot.
Option 2 : manual installation
Alternatively, if you dont want to install dpkg or wish to control exactly what is done during install, you can follow these instructions (assuming you’re working in
~). Please note that
md5 sums will not be checked, which could cause security issues.
- Extract the
ar x lexmark.deb. File
debian-binarycan be dropped.
- Extract both
~/usr/directory. As root, move
- As root, run
~/control/postinstto perform install. This script will automatically set all files owners an
chmod, then set some fonts, drivers and docs tricks. It will also eventually run
/usr/local/lexmark/network-scan.link, creating several symbolic links in your Arch architecture.
- Your scanner should be detected after reboot.
Option 3 : Using AUR package
Install theAUR package.
This process has been successfully tested for the following devices:
- Lexmark MB2236 (USB only; network untested).
- Lexmark MX517de (network only; USB untested).
- Lexmark X204n (network only; USB untested).
In order to improve Lexmark scanners support, you can:
- Check whether this process works for your computer and device
- Help defining the list of dependencies required for this process
- Create an AUR package with this driver which installation would not mess architecture up. Namely, such a package should not need to create a
/usr/lexmarksymlink, and should be containerized (eg in
If you own the USB scanner MD 9705 from Medion, you need to download a suitable firmware binary. This firmware file is in the device driver for Windows.
Find out which model you own and take note of the USB ID:
Bus 006 Device 007: ID 05d8:4003 Ultima Electronics Corp. Artec E+ 48U
Download the windows driver from https://download.medion.com/downloads/treiber/scamd9705w9xxp.exe
Then enter the following commands to extract the firmware file, and copy it to the location SANE expects it:
$ unzip scamd9705w9xxp.exe Win2000/Artec48.usb # cp Win2000/Artec48.usb /usr/share/sane/artec_eplus48u/Artec48.usb
Works with sane-gt68xx ()
For some Samsung MFP printers you may need to edit
#Samsung SCX-3200 usb 0x04e8 0x3441
Change the printer model as needed. You can get the idVendor and idProduct code with
lsusb. See this thread.
To access the scanner over the network rather than the usb interface, add a line to
/etc/sane.d/xerox_mfp.conf such as
#Samsung scx4500w wireless ip network address tcp xx.xx.xx.xx
where xx.xx.xx.xx is the static ip address of the printer.