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From the project website:

Snort is the foremost Open Source Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) in the world. Snort IPS uses a series of rules that help define malicious network activity and uses those rules to find packets that match against them and generates alerts for users.

General Setup and Notes

  • A Snort setup that sniffs WAN <-> LAN is more difficult to use. It does not show you which computer triggered the alert, and it requires you to set HOME_NET as your WAN IP address, which can change if your modem uses DHCP.
  • Snort will bridge the two interfaces for you, you will not need to configure this.

You can use Snort to sniff wireless traffic with two routers. For simplicity the router with DHCP on and wireless off will be called "router A" and the router with wireless on and DHCP off "router B".

  • Ensure the routers do not have the same IP address, but are on the same subnet.
  • If the machine running Snort is configured for inline mode, you will need 3 network interface cards. One for management, one for incoming traffic, and one for outgoing traffic.
  • Connect a ethernet cord from router B to a spare NIC on the Snort machine.
  • Connect another ethernet cord from router A to a spare NIC on the Snort machine.
  • Once Snort is running traffic should flow from router B <-> Snort machine <-> router A <-> internet.
  • If you are not using inline mode, then the traffic will need to be forwarded to the Snort machine, see: Port Mirroring


Install snortAUR from the AUR.


The main configuration file is located at /etc/snort/snort.conf.

Let Snort know what network (or networks) you want to monitor.

ipvar HOME_NET [,]   

At the bottom of the file, there is a list of includes. If you are going to use Pulledpork to download your rule set, then comment out all of the includes except for:

include $RULE_PATH/snort.rules

Inline mode

Inline mode means that packets pass through snort, rather than being diverted to snort. In this mode, snort can drop packets and abort exploitation attempts in real-time. In this mode, snort acts as an intrusion prevention system (IPS).

If you are planning on using Snort in inline mode add these lines to the bottom of the configuration:

config policy_mode:inline
config daq: afpacket
config daq_mode: inline
config daq_var:  buffer_size_mb=1024

A working example of inline mode in snort.conf is also available on pastebin.

Then ensure your service file /usr/lib/systemd/system/snort@.service has the correct arguments for inline mode. This meant adding -Q to the service file. Also Snort advises you to turn off LRO and GRO, source.

Description=Snort IDS system listening on '%I'

ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/ip link set up dev %I
ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/ethtool -K %I gro off
ExecStart=/usr/bin/snort --daq-dir /usr/lib/daq/ -A fast -b -p -u snort -g snort -c /etc/snort/snort.conf -i %I -Q


To start Snort that is configured for inline mode run (your network interfaces may vary):

systemctl start snort@ens1:ens4

IDS mode

In intrusion detection mode (IDS), packets are diverted to snort. Snort can not drop packets, which means that it can only notify you that a exploitation attempt is occuring, or have already occured.

To start Snort in IDS mode run:

systemctl start snort@ens1

Updating the rules with Pulledpork

Install pulledporkAUR from the AUR.


The configuration files are located in /etc/pulledpork

Edit /etc/pulledpork/pulledpork.conf and uncomment the rules you want to use. You will need an "oinkcode" to download some of the rules.

  • dropsid.conf any rules matched in this file will have its traffic dropped.
  • enablesid.conf is used to enable signatures. All signatures seem to be enabled by default, no need to edit this file.
  • disablesid.conf is used to completely remove a signature from Snort.

The current categories that are within your rule set can be found by running the following: -c /etc/snort/pulledpork.conf -Pw
lz /var/tmp/*.gz | egrep '\.rules' | cut -d'/' -f3 | sort -u | perl -lne '/(.*).rules/ && print $1' > rules.`date +%F`

Drop traffic with Pulledpork

If you want to drop all traffic that matches a Snort signature instead of just alerting, add the following to your dropsid.conf:


Or if you want to drop all traffic matching an entire category:


If you only want to drop a single rule:


Disabling rules with Pulledpork

If you want to disable a single signature add its gen_id and sig_id to /etc/pulledpork/disablesid.conf


If you want to disable an entire category:


Running Pulledpork

This will pull the new rules and write them to /etc/snort/rules/snort.rules -c /etc/pulledpork/pulledpork.conf  -P

Update the rules: Oinkmaster

There are two sets of rules distributed by Snort: "Community Ruleset" and "Snort Subscriber Rule Set". The former one is freely available to all of the users. The latter one is made available to subscribed and registered users. Paid subscribers receive rulesets in real-time as they are released. Registered users will receive rulesets 30 days after the subscribers. Registration is free and available at: Snort: Sign up.

oinkmasterAUR is available as AUR package.

Oinkmaster setup

Edit /etc/oinkmaster.conf and look for the URL section and uncomment the 2.4 line. Make sure to replace <oinkcode> by the Oink code you generated after logging into your Snort account. For Bleeding Snort rules, uncomment the appropriate line.

When you log into your new account, create an "Oink code". Another thing to change is

use_external_bins=1 # 1 uses wget, tar, gzip instead of Perl modules

The rest of the configuration file is fine.

Oinkmaster usage -o /etc/snort/rules

Create an executable script with the exact command and place it in /etc/cron.daily to update the rules daily automatically.

See also