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XAMPP is an easy to install Apache distribution containing MariaDB, PHP, Perl and ProFTPD. It contains: Apache, MariaDB, PHP & PEAR, Perl, ProFTPD, phpMyAdmin, OpenSSL, GD, Freetype2, libjpeg, libpng, gdbm, zlib, expat, Sablotron, libxml, Ming, Webalizer, pdf class, ncurses, mod_perl, FreeTDS, gettext, mcrypt, mhash, eAccelerator, SQLite and IMAP C-Client.


Using AUR package

Install xamppAUR.

Manual Installation

Download the installer from the website.

The downloaded file is an installer script. Make it executable and run it by typing:

# chmod +x xampp-linux-version-installer.run 
# ./xampp-linux-version-installer.run 


Be sure to stop all lampp services.

# /opt/lampp/lampp stop

All the files needed by Xampp to be installed are located in the previous /opt/lampp folder. So, to uninstall Xampp:

# rm -rf /opt/lampp
Note: If you created symlinks, you may need to destroy them too.


Setting the individual parts of XAMPP can by made by editing following files:

/opt/lampp/etc/httpd.conf - Apache configuration. For example you can change folder with web page's source files.

/opt/lampp/etc/php.ini - PHP configuration.

/opt/lampp/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php - phpMyAdmin configuration.

/opt/lampp/etc/proftpd.conf - ProFTPD configuration.

/opt/lampp/etc/my.cnf - MySQL configuration.

If you would like to set up security of server, you can do it simply by this command:

# /opt/lampp/lampp security

You will be asked step by step to choose passwords for web page's access, user "pma" for phpMyAdmin, user "root" for MySQL and user "daemon" for ProFTPD.

Autostart on boot

In order to start Xampp at boot, create a systemd service for it (/etc/systemd/system/xampp.service):


ExecStart=/opt/lampp/lampp start
ExecStop=/opt/lampp/lampp stop


Enable xampp.service.


Use the following commands to control XAMPP:

# /opt/lampp/lampp start,stop,restart

If you get this error when you start it:

Starting XAMPP for Linux 1.7.7...
/opt/lampp/lampp: line 21: netstat: command not found
/opt/lampp/lampp: line 21: netstat: command not found
XAMPP: Starting Apache with SSL (and PHP5)...
/opt/lampp/lampp: line 241: /bin/hostname: No such file or directory
/opt/lampp/lampp: line 21: netstat: command not found
XAMPP: Starting MySQL...
/opt/lampp/bin/mysql.server: line 263: hostname: command not found
/opt/lampp/lampp: line 21: netstat: command not found
XAMPP: Starting ProFTPD...
XAMPP for Linux started.

Install net-tools and inetutils from the official repositories.

Tips and tricks

Hosting files outside the htdocs directory

The document root (web root) directory is located at /opt/lampp/htdocs/. All files placed in this directory will be processed by the web server.

To host other files on your system with XAMPP, you can configure an alias with apache.

  • Edit apache's /opt/lampp/etc/httpd.conf with your favorite editor.
  • Find DocumentRoot, you will see something like:
DocumentRoot "/opt/lampp/htdocs"
<Directory "/opt/lampp/htdocs">

  • In the next line after </Directory> paste this:
<Directory "/yourDirectory/">
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks ExecCGI Includes
    AllowOverride All
    Require all granted
  • Next find the <IfModule alias_module>:
<IfModule alias_module>

    # Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to 
    # exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client 
    # will make a new request for the document at its new location.
    # Example:
    # Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar
  • And before the </IfModule> paste this:
Alias /yourAlias /yourDirectory/
  • Now do not forget to restart Apache:
# /opt/lampp/lampp restart

This will allow you to host files from your home directory (or any other directory) with XAMPP.

In the above example, you can access the files by pointing your web browser to localhost/yourAlias.

Debugging and profiling with Xdebug and Xampp

For detailed instructions go here.

You must first download the Xampp Development Tools from the same download page here.

Extract this into your Xampp directory:

# tar xvfz xampp-linux-devel-x.x.x.tar.gz -C /opt

You should be able to successfully run


in your xdebug folder.

Local test server security

Apache, MySQL and ProFTPD can be configured so that they only listen to requests from your own computer. For most test systems this is fine and it greatly reduces the risk because the services are not reachable from the Internet.

Before you start XAMPP for the first time find and edit these files:

For Apache edit the files /opt/lampp/etc/httpd.conf and /opt/lampp/etc/extra/httpd-ssl.conf. Look for lines starting with "Listen" such as

Listen 80

and replace them with


For MySQL open the file /opt/lampp/etc/my.cnf find the section "[mysqld]" and add this line


For ProFTPD, add the following lines to /opt/lampp/etc/proftpd.conf under the "DefaultServer" section

SocketBindTight on

After starting the services, verify the result by going to a command window and start and execute:

netstat -a -n

For the entries marked as LISTEN in the last column, look at the Listen column. It should always start with or ::1 but not with


PhpMyAdmin 403 Access Forbidden

If your http://localhost/phpmyadmin returns "403 Access Forbidden", you need to edit the following settings in /opt/lampp/etc/extra/httpd-xampp.conf:

<Directory "/opt/lampp/phpmyadmin">
	AllowOverride AuthConfig Limit
	#Order allow,deny
	#Allow from all
	Require all granted