From ArchWiki

Zabbix is a full-featured monitoring solution for larger networks. It can discover all kind of networking devices using different methods, check machine states and applications, sending pre-defined alarm messages and visualize complex data correlations.

Server setup


Zabbix-server installation

Install the zabbix-server package. This includes the necessary scripts for use with MariaDB or PostgreSQL. The rest of this guide will assume that you will be using MariaDB.

Zabbix-frontend installation

Install the zabbix-frontend-php package. You also have to choose a web server with PHP support, e.g.:

Or one of the other servers found in Category:Web server.


Symlink the Zabbix web application directory to your http document root, e.g.:

$ ln -s /usr/share/webapps/zabbix /srv/http/zabbix

To get working apache out of the box you need to enable php integration:

Make sure to adjust following variables to these minimal values in your /etc/php/php.ini:

post_max_size = 16M
max_execution_time = 300
max_input_time = 300
date.timezone = "UTC"

Database Initialization


In this example, we create on localhost a MariaDB database called zabbix for the user zabbix identified by the password test and then import the database templates. This connection will be later used by the Zabbix server and web application:

$ mysql -u root -p -e "create database zabbix character set utf8 collate utf8_bin"
$ mysql -u root -p -e "grant all on zabbix.* to zabbix@localhost identified by 'test'"
$ mysql -u zabbix -p -D zabbix < /usr/share/zabbix-server/mysql/schema.sql
$ mysql -u zabbix -p -D zabbix < /usr/share/zabbix-server/mysql/images.sql
$ mysql -u zabbix -p -D zabbix < /usr/share/zabbix-server/mysql/data.sql


For PostgreSQL, these commands will create a database zabbix for user zabbix, which are the default settings in zabbix_server.conf, then import the schema and initial data:

$ createuser zabbix
$ createdb zabbix -O zabbix
$ cat /usr/share/zabbix-server/postgresql/{schema,images,data}.sql | psql -U zabbix -d zabbix

Database Configuration

Now edit /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf with the database settings:


ICMP/ping discovery

To use ICMP discovery (e.g. ping) in Zabbix, install the fping package.


Enable and start the zabbix-server-mysql.service unit, if you are using MariaDB, or zabbix-server-pgsql.service if using PostgreSQL.

Finally you can access Zabbix via your local web server, e.g.: http://localhost/zabbix/, finish the installation wizard and access the frontend the first time. The default username is Admin and password zabbix.

See appendix for a link to the official documentation, which explains all further steps in using it.

Agent setup


Install zabbix-agent for each monitoring target, including your monitoring server where zabbix-server is installed. zabbix-server no longer includes zabbix-agent.


Simply edit the zabbix_agentd.conf and replace the server variable with the IP of your monitoring server. Only servers from this/these IP will be allowed to access the agent.

Server=<IP of Zabbix server>
ServerActive=<IP of Zabbix server>

Further make sure the port 10050 on your device being monitored is not blocked and is properly forwarded.


Enable and start the zabbix-agent service.

Tips and tricks

Debugging a Zabbix agent

On the client site, you can check the state of an item like this:

$ zabbix_agentd -t[sda,Temperature_Celsius]

On the server/monitoring site, try this:

$ zabbix_get -s host -k[sda,Temperature_Celsius]

Monitor Arch Linux system updates

Here is an approach on how to monitor your Arch Linux clients for available system update using a custom UserParameter:

UserParameter=archlinuxupdates,checkupdates | wc -l

You have to restart zabbix-agentd to apply the new configuration. The keyword for the item you later use in the web frontend is archlinuxupdates. It returns an integer representing the count of available updates.


Error "Specified key was too long; max key length is 767 bytes"

While importing the databases, you might get this error message. In order to solve this, you will have to change the code page configuration for your MariaDB database: MariaDB#Using UTF8MB4.

See also