From the project's home page:
- Mozc is a Japanese input method editor (IME) designed for multi-platform such as Android OS, Apple OS X, Chromium OS, GNU/Linux and Microsoft Windows. This OpenSource project originates from Google Japanese Input.
The differences between Mozc and Google Japanese Input are described in detail at the project's About Branding page, but in short, Mozc's open-source code does not include Google's extensive word conversion tables (so called "dictionaries"), so its conversion quality is not equivalent to that of Google's branded product. This can be mostly mitigated with custom dictionaries though (see below).
There are several available Mozc packages to choose from, and depending on your needs there are some precautions that should be taken into consideration:
Besides its core files, Mozc also requires modules to integrate with the various input method frameworks (IMF); a separate module is needed for each of Fcitx, IBus, Uim and Emacs (which contains its own internal IMF).
Most Mozc packages split the core and the IMF module into separate parts, but some of the Fcitx packages (including the one in the official repository) instead come with the Mozc core and the Fcitx module combined into a single package.
On the other hand, some of the seemingly standalone IBus, Uim and Emacs packages are actually a single, split PKGBUILD that can install one or more IMF modules at the same time, by using toggles to enable or disable them; e.g. AUR is the package actually responsible for building AUR, AUR and AUR:
## Build configuration ## ## You can choose the input method framework to use either ibus and/or uim. ## If you will not be using ibus, comment out below. _ibus_mozc="yes" ## If you will be using uim, uncomment below. #_uim_mozc="yes" ## If you will be using mozc.el on Emacs, uncomment below. #_emacs_mozc="yes"
Last, but certainly not least, there exists a family of custom dictionaries that can elevate Mozc's conversion quality to more closely resemble that of Google Japanese Input: The UT, UT2 and NEologd UT dictionaries. The first two contain extra words aggregated from several popular online sources (based on hit numbers from Google/Yahoo and Wikipedia, respectively) while the third one is based on the mecab-ipadic-NEologd Neologism dictionary, which contains "neologisms (new words), which are extracted from many language resources on the Web", in the words of its creator.
The UT dictionary was deprecated in 2016 in favor of UT2 and NEologd UT, which were both intended to be its successors; but as of November 2020, UT has been revived into an updated version that now also incorporates the UT2 and NEologd dictionaries, which have in turn been deprecated themselves (source: UT home page).
The following table shows the various packages available; purple cells indicate combined packages, while yellow cells indicate packages containing toggles for additional modules. Some of these packages can also be found in the pnsft-pur repository.
See also IBus for IBus configuration.
If you use Mozc by default, set it up via ibus-setup:
Choose Input Method tab and move Mozc to top of the list.
You can switch input method by
Alt+Shift_L (as per the IBus default).
~/.config/mozc/ibus_config.textprotoand append the following line:
... } active_on_launch: True
See also Uim for uim configuration.
Configure uim preferences by running:
$ uim-pref-gtk (Or, uim-pref-gtk3/uim-pref-qt4)
which brings forth a GUI.
Choose your preferring input method as Default input method.
# uim-module-manager --register mozc
See also Fcitx for Fcitx configuration.
Open the configuration dialog of Fcitx by running:
In the Input Method tab, click on the plus sign and choose Mozc from the list in the dialog. Depending on your configuration, you might need to disable the Only Show Current Language option for Mozc to be available. After confirming the dialog, you can activate Mozc as input method using the usual keyboard shortcuts.
Mozc for Emacs
You can use mozc.el (mozc-mode) to input Japanese via LEIM (Library of Emacs Input Method). To use mozc-mode, write the following into your
.emacs.d/init.el or some other file for Emacs customizing:
(require 'mozc) ; or (load-file "/path/to/mozc.el") (setq default-input-method "japanese-mozc")
mozc.el provides "overlay" mode in the styles of showing candidates (from mozc r77) which shows a candidate window in box style close to the point. If you want to use it by default, add the following:
(setq mozc-candidate-style 'overlay)
C-\ (toggle-input-method) enables and disables use of mozc-mode.
Disabling XIM on Emacs
When you are using input method on your desktop and assigning activation/deactivation of input method to C-SPC, you will be not able to use C-SPC/C-@ as set-mark-command on Emacs. To avoid this problem, add the following into your
~/.Xdefaults. xim will be disabled on Emacs.
Tips and tricks
Confirming Mozc version which you are using now
Type "ばーじょん" ("version") and convert it while activating Mozc. The version number of Mozc will be shown in the candidate list like follows:
バージョン ヴァージョン ばーじょん Mozc-1.6.1187.102 ⇐ Current version of Mozc ...
Launching Mozc tools from command line
The followings are commands to launch Mozc tools.
- Mozc Settings:
$ /usr/lib/mozc/mozc_tool --mode=config_dialog
- Mozc Dictionary Tool:
$ /usr/lib/mozc/mozc_tool --mode=dictionary_tool
- Mozc Word Register:
$ /usr/lib/mozc/mozc_tool --mode=word_register_dialog
Use CapsLock as Eisu_toggle key on ASCII layout keyboard
In all of the preset keymap styles of Mozc, the command Toggle alphanumeric mode on Composition mode is assigned to the
Muhenkan key, but the ASCII keyboard has none of them.
One solution for it is to use Caps Lock key as Eisu_toggle (Mozc does not recognize the Caps Lock key as of r124). The following is a way to assign Eisu_toggle to
Caps Lock (without any modifier keys) and Caps_Lock to
Shift+CapsLock, as on the OADG keyboard layout.
~/.Xmodmap as follows:
keycode 66 = Eisu_toggle Caps_Lock clear Lock
Then, restart X or run xmodmap to apply the changes immediately:
$ xmodmap ~/.Xmodmap
Building Mozc fails (process is killed)
If the build process fails with an error message like the following:
... /bin/sh: line 1: xxxx killed ... make: *** [xxx/xxx...] error 137 ...
Make sure you have not run out of memory.
New version of Mozc does not appear though I upgraded Mozc and restarted X or Input Method Framework (not rebooted)
The old version of Mozc may be still on your memory. Try to kill the existing mozc_server process:
$ killall mozc_server
mozc_server becomes defunct
Mozc cannot run in root. Start X in normal user.
mozc_emacs_helper not found in emacs
When installing mozc.el you need to install a helper program called
You need to installAUR or AUR for this helper program.
mozc tool(s) does not launch
It is also possible to launch Mozc tools with log sent directly to console, which is useful for debugging. To enable this, simply append
--logtostderr like this for example:
$ /usr/lib/mozc/mozc_tool --mode=config_dialog --logtostderr