Snapd

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snapd is a REST API daemon for managing snap packages ("snaps"). Users can interact with it by using the snap client, which is part of the same package.

Installation

Install snapd from the official repositories.

Installing it will install the snapd daemon as well as snap-confine, which mounts and launches snap packages.

Warning: snap-confine is built with the --disable-apparmor option; full confinement relies on an AppArmor enabled kernel with Ubuntu's Linux 4.4 patchset applied and a related profile for the snap.
Tip: snapd installs a script in /etc/profile.d/ to export the paths of binaries installed with the snapd package and desktop entries. Reboot once to make this change take effect.

Configuration

The package ships several systemd unit files, which manage several tasks like automatically refreshing all installed snaps once a new version is released.

To launch the snapd daemon when snap tries to use it, start the snapd.socket and/or enable it to have it started at boot.

To start the timer which periodically refreshes snaps when a new version is pushed to the store use:

# systemctl start snapd.refresh.timer

Removal

Uninstalling the snapd package will not remove directories and files created while using snap. It's best to remove your snaps with snap remove before uninstalling the snapd package. At this time it is not possible to remove the core snap through the snap command. To remove the state, snap package cache and mount unit files completely, you can follow the instructions below.

1. We unmount any currently active snap that is mounted to /var/lib/snapd/snap/.

# umount $(mount | grep snap | awk '{print $3}')

2. We remove the state directory and mount hook.

# rm -rf /var/lib/snapd
# rm -rf /var/snap

3. We remove any unit files, that try to mount snaps from /var/lib/snapd/snaps to /var/lib/snapd/snap at boot.

# find /etc/systemd/system -name "snap-*.mount" -delete
# find /etc/systemd/system -name "snap.*.service" -delete
# find /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants -name "snap-*.mount" -delete
# find /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants -name "snap.*.service" -delete

Managing snaps

The snap tool is used to manage the snaps.

Finding

To find snaps to install, you can query the Ubuntu Store with:

$ snap find searchterm

Installing

Once you found the snap you are looking for you can install it with:

# snap install snapname

This requires root privileges. Per user installation of snaps is not possible, yet. This will download the snap into /var/lib/snapd/snaps and mount it to /snap/snapname to make it available to the system. At this point you may want to add /var/lib/snapd/snap/binto your $PATH variable in order to execute the installed snaps.

It will also create mount units for each snap and add them to /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/ as symlinks to make all snaps available when the system is booted. Once that is done you should find it in the list of installed snaps together with its version number, revision and developer using:

$ snap list

You can also sideload snaps from your local hard drive with:

# snap install --dangerous /path/to/snap

Updating

To update your snaps use:

# snap refresh

Removing

Snaps can be removed by executing:

# snap remove snapname

Support

Arch Linux related mailing lists and other official Arch Linux support channels aren't an appropriate place to request help with snaps on Arch Linux. An appropriate place to ask for support is the Snapcraft forum.

See also