This article describes how to set up Arabic language environment. It does not cover setting up Arabic input on the console.
-   AUR — A classical Arabic typeface in Naskh style pioneered by Amiria Press. Its Latin characters are based on Crimson ( )
- AUR — Collection of free Arabic fonts
- AUR — Fonts by King Fahd Glorious Quran Printing Complex in al-Madinah al-Munawwarah
- SIL AUR — Unicode Arabic font from
- AUR — Unicode Arabic font from SIL (Alternative for Traditional Arabic font)
Fonts with support for Arabic:
- AUR — Dejavu fonts
Bidirectional text includes text direction support among applications. In particular, Firefox
Ctrl+Shift+X is the only supported shortcut for switching text direction.
- Enable Complex Text Layout: Tools > Options... > Language Settings > Languages > Default Languages for Documents.
- Install Ayaspell dictionary: Tools > Language > More Dictionaries Online > Arabic.
XKB Lam Alif problem
X keyboard layout sends Arabic ligature glyphs as a single glyph. For example, Laa+Alif ligature "لا" (U+0644, U+0627) is sent as "ﻻ" (U+FEFB), and similarly for (ﻷ، ﻵ، ﻹ). This is due to a known limitation in xkb which does not allow mapping a key to more than one character.
Workaround with X compose
If you have
im-config installed, you can use
im-config -n xim. Or alternatively, add the following to your environment variables:
XIM=none XIM_PROGRAM=/bin/true XIM_ARGS= GTK_IM_MODULE=xim QT_IM_MODULE=xim SHORT_DESC="X compose table"
If XIM is set as the default input method, then XCompose table offers additional Arabic letters like: گ، ڤ، چ، پ, quotes «», as well as Wikipedia:Zero-width non-joiner, by pressing the
AltGr key. The default compose table is located in
Workaround with ibus
- Set ibus as an input method by running
im-chooseror by setting the environment variables:
GTK_IM_MODULE=ibus; QT_IM_MODULE=ibus; XMODIFIERS=@im=ibus
ibus-setupif ibus is not set up.
- Use ar-kbd-m17n as ibus input method.