Pantheon

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Pantheon is the desktop environment of elementary OS. It is written in Vala, using GTK 3 and Granite.

Development

elementary OS releases are derived from Ubuntu's LTS releases, typically trailing Ubuntu's cycle by a few weeks or months. However, its constituent packages are updated continuously. See the official github repository and consult their community slack.

Installation

Package sources

Official respository

Most of the Pantheon components and elementary OS's curated apps are provided by the pantheon group.

Unofficial repository

extra-alucryd contains a few packages not yet available in the pantheon group.

AUR

The PKGBUILDs for Alucryd's repository and many other Pantheon-related packages, such as third-party applications developed for elementary OS and unstable development packages, are available in the AUR.

Warning: Do not install these packages indiscriminately. They are not vetted and may conflict with those in the pantheon group and Alucryd's repository.

Desktop environment

For the minimal Pantheon shell, install pantheon-session-gitAUR, which pulls several dependencies and the core components:

Services

These optional packages provide (background) services for Pantheon and elementary OS applications:

Theme and configuration

These optional packages contribute to the look and feel of the desktop:

Applications

These are some of the original, patched, and selected packages that comprise the optional elementary OS software suite:

Launching Pantheon

Via display manager

pantheon-session-gitAUR provides a gnome-session entry for display managers, such as LightDM.

Autostart applications with a display manager

Via xinit

Use xinitrc to launch the Pantheon shell components by appending them at the end of the file, ie:

wingpanel &
plank &
exec gala

Autostart applications with xinit

Configuration and workarounds

Configure Pantheon via switchboard and its plugs, which must be installed separately.

Pantheon components, except for plank, store their configuration in the org.pantheon or io.elementary dconf keys.

Desktop

Crashes at login

"Oh no! Something has gone wrong."

One of the RequiredComponents in Pantheon's session file may be failing.

This may be worked around by removing the failed component from /usr/share/gnome-session/sessions/pantheon.session.

Subsequent login attempts return to display manager

See gnome-session crashes on session startup.

Tip: Most of the time, waiting a little longer to log in is sufficent to clear whatever blockage the previous session has left behind.

Incorrect screen resolutions with multiple monitors

lightdm-pantheon-greeter attempts to setup monitors from monitors.xml, instead of Xorg configuration, which does not seem to work reliably.

An alternative is to use another greeter, such as lightdm-gtk-greeter.

"No such key" when installing packages

Several dconf keys pantheon-default-settingsAUR expects are missing, as it is written for an older version of gnome-settings-daemon. This is not a problem, but if the messages are an annoyance, comment out or remove the specified keys from /usr/share/glib-2.0/schemas/25_pantheon-default-settings.gschema.override.

Files

Enable context menu entries

To enable context menu entries, such as for file-roller-pantheonAUR to extract/compress archives, additionally install contractor.

Plank

See Plank.

Not launching at startup

Since cerbere was retired, pantheon-session-gitAUR expects plank to use this xdg autostart to initiate it and request gnome-session's built in management to maintain it.

Either install pantheon-dock-gitAUR, or create /etc/xdg/autostart/plank.desktop.

Terminal

Opacity

Set the dconf key io.elementary.terminal.settings.background to your desired background color and opacity with an RGBA value, ie the default: rgba(46, 46, 46, 0.95).

Wingpanel

Indicators

Wingpanel does not come with any indicators; they must be installed separately.

At the minimum, you will probably want to install:

Third-party indicators
Session indicator menus unresponsive
  • The Lock menu item requires light-locker or, more specifically, a Lock dbus method provided by an org.freedesktop.ScreenSaver dbus service.

Dynamic transparency

The gala window manager provides Wingpanel with dynamic transparency.

With gtk-theme-elementary, it becomes opaque when a maximized window occupies the screen and otherwise blends with the wallpaper; using other GTK themes may produce a statically opaque panel.

To achieve the behavior within another theme, add the following code to its css or the override file, ~/.config/gtk-3.0/gtk.css:

/*********************
 * wingpanel support *
 ********************/

.panel {
    background-color: transparent;
    transition: all 1s ease-in-out;
}

.panel.maximized {
    background-color: #000;
}