Tvheadend

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Tvheadend is a TV streaming server and recorder. Tvheadend supports DVB-S/S2, DVB-C/C2, DVB-T, ATSC, ISDB-T, IPTV, SAT>IP and HDHomeRun as input sources.

Installation

Tvheadend is available from the AUR as tvheadendAUR or tvheadend-gitAUR (development branch).

HDHomeRun

HDHomeRun support should be working out-of-the-box in the tvheadend-gitAUR package.

The tvheadendAUR package does not have HDHomeRun support enabled. To enable you will need to edit the PKGBUILD and append libhdhomerun (libhdhomerunAUR) to the depends list. Finally, append --enable-hdhomerun_client in the configure array.

Playback Clients

Usage

Once Tvheadend is installed start/enable the tvheadend.service.

To be able to login on first run, one needs to edit tvheadend.service and add the --firstrun (-C) argument to ExecStart=:

/etc/systemd/system/tvheadend.service.d/override.conf
[Service]
ExecStart=
ExecStart=/usr/bin/tvheadend -f -p /var/run/tvheadend.pid -u hts -g video --firstrun
Note:
  • This will allow world-wide administrative access to the Tvheadend installation until you create or edit the access control from within the Tvheadend web interface. The argument will be ignored when users already exists.
  • tvheadendAUR and tvheadend-gitAUR use this flag by default, overruling the service should not be needed.

Configuration

Once the service is running, configuration of Tvheadend is done through a web interface on localhost:9981.

XMLTV

If you want to obtain schedule data from an outside source like Schedules Direct, then you should also install xmltvAUR.

Tips and tricks

Create M3U compatible playlist file

To export all channels as a M3U playlist file, one may want to use the following URL [1]:

http://<user>:<pass>@<ip>:9981/playlist/channels.m3u?profile=<profile>

Use hardware video acceleration

When using tvheadend-gitAUR it is possible to enable hardware video acceleration.

Support depends on selected the codec and capabilities of the video device in use.

To enable hardware acceleration, check Hardware acceleration for a codec profile on the Codec Profiles page.

Enable VA-API support transcoding

It is possible to use VA-API for transcoding streams when using tvheadend-gitAUR, support depends on capabilities of the video device and the selected codec.

To enable VA-API create a new Codec Profile and select a codec with VAAPI on the Codec Profiles page. On the next screen check Hardware acceleration, select the correct Device Name, e.g. i915 v1.6.0 (/dev/dri/renderD128) and click on Create.

Finally, create a Stream Profile and select the previously created Codec Profile as Video codec profile. The Audio codec profile and Subtitle codec profile depend on the user preferences and as stated support by the video device.

To test the newly created profile, you may want to use the following URL:

http://<user>:<pass>@<ip>:9981/stream/channelnumber/<channel>?profile=<stream-profile>

Use journalctl to check for Tvheadend debug info. The error tvheadend[..]: transcode: no AVHWAccel indicates the stream profile does not use hardware acceleration and one should adjust the codec configuration.

Use CAPMT (Linux Network DVBAPI) with OSCam

Install oscam-gitAUR or oscam-svnAUR to provide a softcam for Tvheadend. See the Tvheadend docs for configuration details.

Restart oscam.service and tvheadend.service to apply the changes.

Troubleshooting

Unable to authenticate/play stream

Try to use Matroska as stream profile when unable to start playback on video players like VLC.

Authentication issues can occur when using digest as Authentication type.

Change this to Both plain and digest to allow browsers/players that do not support the digest protocol.

DVB-T2 HD in Germany

The German broadcast of DVB-T2 HD is a deviation of the official standard inasmuch as it is using the more modern H.265 codec. Somehow, tvheadend doesn’t detect the channels automatically. You first need to run the configuration wizard, choose no pre-defined muxes, just --Generic--: auto-Default. After the search run, save and go to Configuration, DVB Inputs, Muxes. Select all listed muxes (might be on two pages, batch selection via shift key possible) and edit them from DVB-T to DVB-T2 – you need to check the Delivery system checkmark in the edit dialog. Then go to Network, select the DVB-T entry and click Force scan. Observe the rescan via the Muxes tab as several of the former "FAIL" results become "OK". If this doesn’t happen, make sure you have the necessary firmware blob for your DVB-T2 receiver, e.g. by Hauppauge, manually installed first, followed by a system restart. This will get you the channels under Services which you can use to create an actual channel list of the unencrypted TV channels. Click on "Map selected", "Map selected services". Now, the channels should appear in the tab "Channel / EPG","Channels". Shortly after, the EPG view should be populated in tab "Electronic Program Guide".