List of applications (正體中文)/Utilities (正體中文)
See also: Partitioning tools.
基本 shell 指令
- Core utilities — The basic file, shell and text manipulation utilities of the GNU operating system
See also Wikipedia:List of terminal emulators.
Power users use terminal emulators quite often, so unsurprisingly lots of X11 terminal emulators exist. Most of them emulate Xterm that emulates VT102, which emulates typewriter, so you will have to read the Wikipedia article and other sources to get a hold on these things.
- aterm — Xterm replacement with transparency support.
- Eterm — Terminal emulator intended as a replacement for xterm and designed for the Enlightenment desktop.
- http://eterm.org || AUR
- Mrxvt — Tabbed X terminal emulator based on rxvt.
- rxvt — Popular replacement for the xterm
- http://rxvt.sourceforge.net/ || AUR
- st — Simple terminal implementation for X.
- http://st.suckless.org || AUR
- terminator — Terminal emulator supporting multiple resizable terminal panels.
- Terminology — Terminal emulator by the Enlightenment project team with innovative features: file thumbnails and media play like a media player.
- Tilda — Terminal inspired by many classic terminals from first person shooter games such as Quake, Doom and Half-Life.
- urxvt — Highly extendable (with Perl) unicode enabled rxvt-clone terminal emulator featuring tabbing, url launching, a Quake style drop-down mode and pseudo-transparency.
- xterm — Simple terminal emulator for the X Window System. It provides DEC VT102 and Tektronix 4014 compatible terminals for programs that can't use the window system directly.
- Yakuake — Drop-down terminal (Quake style) emulator based on Konsole.
VTE (Virtual Terminal Emulator) is a widget developed during early GNOME days for use in the GNOME Terminal. It has since given birth to many terminals with similar capabilities.
- evilvte — Very lightweight and highly customizable terminal emulator with support for tabs, auto-hiding and different encodings.
- http://calno.com/evilvte/ || AUR
- GNOME Terminal — A terminal emulator included in the GNOME desktop with support for Unicode and pseudo-transparency.
- Guake — Drop-down terminal for the GNOME desktop.
- LilyTerm — Very light and easy to use X Terminal Emulator
- LXTerminal — Desktop independent terminal emulator for LXDE.
- mt (multi-terminal) — Terminal emulator written as more lightweight replacement for Sakura while keeping most of its functionality.
- ROXTerm — Tabbed terminal emulator with a small footprint.
- sakura — Terminal emulator based on GTK+ and VTE.
- Stjerm — GTK+-based drop-down terminal emulator that provides a minimalistic interface combined with a small file size, lightweight memory usage and easy integration with composite window managers such as Compiz.
- https://code.google.com/p/stjerm-terminal-emulator/ || AUR[broken link: package not found]
- Terminal — Terminal emulator included in the Xfce desktop with support for a colorized prompt and a tabbed interface.
- Termit — Simple terminal emulator based on the vte library that includes tabs, bookmarks, and the ability to switch encodings.
- https://wiki.github.com/nonstop/termit/[dead link 2020-08-02 ⓘ] || AUR[broken link: package not found]
- Termite — A keyboard-centric VTE-based terminal, aimed at use within a window manager with tiling and/or tabbing support.
See also Wikipedia:Comparison of file managers.
- Midnight Commander — Console-based, dual-paneled file manager.
- nffm — "Nothing Fancy File Manager", a mouseless ncurses file manager written in C.
- Pilot — File manager that comes with the Alpine email client.
- Ranger — Console-based file manager with vi bindings, customizability, and lots of features.
- Vifm — Ncurses-based two-panel file manager with vi-like keybindings.
- Andromeda — Qt-based cross-platform file manager.
- Dino — Easy to use and powerful file manager built in Qt.
- Dolphin — File manager included in the KDE4 desktop.
- Double Commander — File manager with two panels side by side. It is inspired by Total Commander and features some new ideas.
- emelFM2 — File manager that implements the popular two-panel design.
- Gentoo — A lightweight file manager for GTK.
- Konqueror — File manager for the KDE desktop.
- Krusader — Advanced twin panel (Midnight Commander style) file manager for the KDE desktop.
- GNOME Commander — A dual-paned file manager for the GNOME Desktop.
- https://gcmd.github.io/ || AUR
- muCommander — A lightweight, cross-platform file manager with a dual-pane interface written in Java.
- http://www.mucommander.com/ || AUR
- GNOME Files — Extensible, heavyweight file manager used by default in GNOME with support for custom scripts.
- Nemo — Nemo is the file manager of the Cinnamon desktop. A good alternative to GNOME Files.
- PCManFM — Lightweight file manager which features tabbed browsing and can optionally manage the desktop background.
- QtFileMan — File manager similar to PCManFM from LXDE.
- qtFM — Small, lightweight filemanager for Linux desktops based on pure Qt.
- ROX — Small and fast file manager which can optionally manage the desktop background and panels.
- SpaceFM — GTK+ multi-panel tabbed file manager.
- Sunflower — Small and highly customizable twin-panel file manager for Linux with support for plugins.
- Thunar — File manager that can be run as a daemon with excellent start up and directory load times.
- Tux Commander — Windowed file manager with two panels side by side similar to popular Total Commander or Midnight Commander file managers.
- Worker — Fast, lightweight and feature-rich file manager for the X Window System.
- Xfe — Microsoft Explorer-like file manager for X (X File Explorer).
- http://roland65.free.fr/xfe/ || AUR
- Pinot — Personal search and metasearch tool
- Recoll — Full text search tool with a Xapian backend.
- Strigi — Fast crawling desktop search engine with a Qt GUI.
- Tracker — All-in-one indexer, search tool and metadata database.
See also Wikipedia:Comparison of file archivers.
- atool — Script for managing file archives of various types.
- dar — An archiving and compression utility avoiding the drawbacks of tar
- DAR - Disk ARchive || AUR
- p7zip — Port of 7-Zip for POSIX systems, including Linux. The commandline tool is called 7z.
- Ark — Archiving tool included in the KDE desktop.
- File Roller — Archive manager included in the GNOME desktop.
- p7zip — Port of 7-Zip for POSIX systems, including Linux. The GUI requires wxGTK and is called 7zFM.
- PeaZip — Open source file and archive manager.
- http://www.peazip.org/peazip-linux.html || AUR[broken link: package not found] AUR[broken link: package not found]
- Squeeze — Featherweight front-end for commandline archiving tools.
- Xarchive — Generic GTK2 front-end that uses external wrappers around commandline archiving tools.
- Xarchiver — Lightweight desktop independent archive manager built with GTK+.
- Diffuse — Small and simple text merge tool written in Python.
- KDiff3 — File and directory diff and merge tool for the KDE desktop.
- Kompare — GUI front-end program for viewing and merging differences between source files. It supports a variety of diff formats and provides many options to customize the information level displayed.
- Meld — Visual diff and merge tool that can compare files, directories, and version controlled projects.
- GPRename — GTK+ batch renamer for files and directories.
- KRename — Very powerful batch file renamer for the KDE desktop.
- metamorphose2 — wxPython based batch renamer with support for regular expressions, renaming multimedia files according to their metadata, etc.
- pyRenamer — Application for the mass renaming of files.
- http://www.infinicode.org/code/pyrenamer/[dead link 2020-08-02 ⓘ] || AUR[broken link: package not found]
- rename.pl — Batch renamer based on perl regex.
- Filelight — Disk usage analyzer that creates an interactive map of concentric, segmented rings that help visualise disk usage on your computer.
- GdMap — Disk usage analyzer that draws a map of rectangles sized according to file or dir sizes.
- gt5 — Diff-capable "du-browser".
- http://gt5.sourceforge.net || AUR
- ncdu — Simple ncurses disk usage analyzer.
- adesklet SystemMonitor — Collection of modular stackable system monitors for adesklets.
- Conky — Lightweight, scriptable system monitor.
- dstat — Versatile resource statistics tool.
- http://members.dslextreme.com/users/billw/gkrellm/gkrellm.html[dead link 2020-08-02 ⓘ] ||
- gnome-system-monitor — A system monitor for GNOME.
- htop — Simple, ncurses interactive process viewer.
- linux process explorer — Graphical process explorer for Linux.
- LXTask — Lightweight task manager for LXDE.
- Trayfreq — A light battery monitor and a CPU frequency scaler.
- alsi — A system information tool for Arch Linux. It can be configured for every other system without even touching the source code of the script.
- archey — Simple python script that displays the arch logo and some basic information. Depends on python3.
- archey2 — Simple python script that displays the arch logo and some basic information. Python 2.x version.
- archey3-git — Python script to display system infomation alongside the Arch Linux logo.
- Dmidecode — It reports information about your system's hardware as described in your system BIOS according to the SMBIOS/DMI standard.
- CPU-G — An application that shows useful information about your hardware, it looks like CPU-Z in Windows.
- hardinfo — A small application that displays information about your hardware and operating system, it looks like the Device Manager in Windows.
- i-Nex — An application that gathers information for hardware components available on your system and displays it using an user interface similar to the popular Windows tool CPU-Z.
- http://i-nex.linux.pl/ || AUR
- lshw-gtk — A small tool to provide detailed information on the hardware configuration of the machine with CLI and GTK interfaces.
- fbxkb — A NETWM compliant keyboard indicator and switcher. It shows a flag of current keyboard in a systray area and allows you to switch to another one.
- xxkb — A lightweight keyboard layout indicator and switcher.
- qxkb — A keyboard switcher written in Qt.
- X Neural Switcher — A text analyser, it detects the language of the input and corrects the keyboard layout if needed.
- http://www.xneur.ru/ || AUR, AUR (GUI)
- Lostfiles — Script for detecting orphaned files.
- Pacmatic — Pacman wrapper to check Arch News before upgrading, avoid partial upgrades, and warn about configuration file changes.
- pkgfile — Tool that finds what package owns a file.
- pkgtools — Collection of scripts for Arch Linux packages.
- srcpac — Simple tool that automates rebuilding packages from source.